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IPXACT register vs registerFile


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Hi

In IPXACT standard document, I see inside an address block we can have either register or registerFile. In the same context I have following questions

- What is the difference between register and registerfile in ipxact ?

- When we should use register element or registerfile element to describe registers?

 

Thanks

Khushi

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Hi Kushi,

A register file is a group of registers. The group has its own range and dimension, so you can see it as an array. Assume register file RF with offset 0, range 8, and dimension 2 containing two registers A and B at offsets 0 and 4. Then there are two occurences of register A at offsets 0 and 8 and two occurences of registers B at offsets 4 and 12. You cannot describe this without register files unless you unroll all registers.

Best regards,
Erwin

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Thanks Erwin

Why in the standard we have two different elements (register and registerFile) ? Why not all capabilities (from simple to complex) are supported using simple register element. Is there some specific reason to have two elements (register for simple register sand registerFile for complex registers e.g. arrays, interleaved etc) >

Can we write the IPXact registers descriptions entirely using register files? Are EDA tools supporting registerFile elements to generate UVM or C files?

Regarding when we should use register and when registerFile => Can we use registerFile when complex array kind of things are not expressible using register ?

 

Thank

Khushi

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Hi Kushi,

Objects such as address blocks, registers files, and registers are not allowed to overlap or to be interleaved. So you cannot create a register array with gaps and interleave it with another register array with gaps. Instead you can create a register file array. Each element in the register file array can contain multiple registers or even register files. The register files can thus be nested. So indeed, certain things, you can only express using register files.

You cannot describe registers without IP-XACT registers because IP-XACT registers do appear in IP-XACT register files. A register file is only a container for registers. In general, EDA tools do support register files. I cannot comment on specific tools.

Best regards,
Erwin

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