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veeresh k

beginner problems on fifo waveform

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Hi ,

I am trying to trace out the wave for the input and the output.

I have tried for different ways,but not getting the desired results.

One of the way was,i created 2 same signals with diff. name in testbench file and tried to trace ,but i was not successful in doing so.

Any suggestions to do? 

Thank you. ?

Ps:- I have attached the code through which m trying to trace.Plz,help me out with this.I have modified the code according to the errors,So thats the reason for using namespace sc::core while declaring fifo tracing input.I am posting full code along with the errors.



testbench.cpp: In function 'int sc_main(int, char**)':
testbench.cpp:16:18: error: no match for call to '(sc_core::sc_fifo<sc_dt::sc_int<32> >) (sc_core::sc_fifo_in<int>&)'
testbench.cpp:17:19: error: no match for call to '(sc_core::sc_fifo<sc_dt::sc_int<32> >) (sc_core::sc_fifo_out<int>&)'
testbench.cpp:21:29: error: no matching function for call to 'sc_trace(sc_core::sc_trace_file*&, sc_core::sc_fifo_in<int>&, const char [6])'





#ifndef EXAMPLE_H
  #define EXAMPLE_H
using namespace sc_dt;

typedef sc_int<32> sc_int32;

    sc_fifo<sc_int32> fifo;
    //producer thread
    void producer_thread();
    //consumer thread
    void consumer_thread();
    SC_CTOR(example) : fifo(2) {



#include <systemc.h>
#include "example.h"
using namespace sc_dt;

void example::producer_thread()
        int unsigned number_of_accesses = 4;

        for (int i = 0; i < number_of_accesses; i++) {

            sc_int32 value(i);

            cout << "[" << sc_time_stamp() << "] writing to FIFO value: " << value << ", free: " << fifo.num_free() << endl;


            cout << "[" << sc_time_stamp() << "] wrote to FIFO value: " << value << endl;


            wait(1, SC_NS);

    //consumer thread
    void example::consumer_thread()
        sc_int<32> value(0);

        for (;;) {
            wait(4, SC_NS);


            cout << "[" << sc_time_stamp() << "] read from FIFO value: " << value << endl;



#include "systemc.h"
#include "example.h"

using namespace sc_dt;

int sc_main(int, char* []) {
  sc_core::sc_fifo_out<int> output1; 
  sc_core::sc_fifo_in<int> input1; 
   //create the instance of the example
  example eg1("example_inst");
  if(not sc_end_of_simulation_invoked()) {
  return 0;


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you cannot bind interface to e.g. a class implementing those interface. What you can bind are sc_port and sc_export. So you would need to change your declaration to

 sc_core::sc_port< sc_core::sc_fifo_out<int> > output1; 
 sc_core::sc_port< sc_core::sc_fifo_in<int> >  input1; 

But this is not going to solve your problem as you cannot trace an sc_core::sc_fifo_out interface. Tracing is only possible for elements having a value semantic which are variables of various types (primitive ones like int or composed ones coming with the SystemC library like sc_int or sc_bv) and signals (since they have also a value semantic).

interfaces (like are sc_core::sc_fifo_in) are essentially description how to manipulate things and therefore not trace with a tracefile. Using SCV it would be possible to do so but requires implementing some glue code.


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Hi eyck,

Thanx fo d rply. ?

Is it possible to copy the read and write values in temporary variables and trace that signal.?

I had tried this way but it was not possible,so needed suggestions for alternatives. 

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